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Kurban-Bairam is the most significant holiday for Moslems. The date of the holiday celebration is calculated according to the lunar calendar. Tatarstan Republic State Committee of Work and Employment annually establishes it in the working calendar. The holiday comes on the day of the completion of pilgrimage to Mecca.
It is impossible to imagine Tatarstan and its capital Kazan without the joyful holiday Sabantuy. The holiday history started in ancient times. The literal translation of the word means "the Holiday of Plough". It is celebrated after spring fieldwork completion when ploughmen have a little break before haymaking and harvest season. At first, villages enjoy the holiday, and then regional centers celebrate it. Finally, Kazan holds the biggest holiday celebration.
Republic Day
One of the most important holidays is the Republic Day, celebrated on August 30th. On his day in August of 1990, Tatarstan on behalf of its multinational people proclaimed the Declaration of National Sovereignty. Thus, Kazan became the capital of the sovereign presidential republic. The declaration of independence has been checked by time, and the republic has avoided deep interethnic disagreements and contentions that took place in other parts of the former USSR.

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